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The impact of climate change on the Amazon

The Amazon is the main tropical forest in the world, with a rich biodiversity and complex ecosystems, which are home to millions of species of plants and animals. However, climate change has put the survival of these ecosystems at risk, as well as the lives of local populations that depend on the forest.

The location has experienced an increase in average temperature in recent years, which can lead to significant changes in the composition of the forest. Droughts are also becoming more frequent, which can increase the likelihood of wildfires and accelerate the loss of forest cover.

The Amazon rainforest is a crucial carbon sink, absorbing large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it in its biomass and soil, and deforestation and forest degradation have led to significant carbon emissions, contributing to climate change. This change can lead to the disappearance of important forest species, including plants and animals that are essential for the balance of the ecosystem.

Indigenous and riverside communities that live in the Amazon depend on the forest for food, medicine and construction materials, and this can put the survival of these communities at risk. Biodiversity loss has far-reaching consequences, affecting not only the Amazon, but also the environment and the global economy.


Natural climate solutions, such as protecting, managing and restoring nature, can contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and storing carbon. The Nature Conservancy, an international not-for-profit organization that is a leader in biodiversity and environmental conservation, has developed a taxonomy of pathways to natural climate solutions that can take into account all of nature's climate potential. Implementing these solutions involves managing and protecting forests and rangelands, restoring wetlands, and improving land management practices. These actions can also deliver a range of benefits for nature, including cleaner air and water and greater biodiversity. In addition, the government, the private sector and the general public can take steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote sustainable practices. For example, industry can reduce emissions by adopting passive or renewable energy-based heating and cooling systems, improving energy efficiency and implementing sustainable production practices. At the individual level, reducing food waste and adopting plant-rich diets can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Campaigns like Race to Zero and ActNow provide opportunities for everyone to take climate action and contribute to a sustainable future.


Urgent action is needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, promote forest conservation and restoration, and ensure the survival of the Amazon and its communities for future generations. Natural climate solutions and sustainable practices offer effective ways to combat climate change and promote biodiversity and human well-being.




Queimada na Amazônia no dia 15 de agosto de 2020.

Foto: CARL DE SOUZA (AFP)




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